Now, some modern versions claim that Stephen was "Full-of-Grace" also.
- Aleph ( Sinaiticus),
- A, (Alexandrinus
- B ( Vaticanus),
- D, (Bezae --- Greek-Latin diglot , Fifth Century)
- manuscript 0175 ( listed as a Fifth Century uncial containing only Acts 6),
- minuscules 33, 323, 614, 945, 1175, 1739, 2495
- SOME of the Latin manuscripts: lat = an agreement of only a part of the Old Latin with the Vulgate ( from Nestle-Aland's 26th edition's apparatus, Introduction, pg. 55).
- Syriac Peshitta Coptic version
- Three Papyri: P8 and P45 --- both of which are qualified as witnesses in Nestle-Aland's 26th ed., with "vid" . That means the reading is based only on some surviving letters or parts of letters found in the Papyrus. Also listed is Papyrus 74 with no qualifications.
+ + +
... not Mary.
[ To see the transcript of the Old Latin manuscript writing found in Codex D online, see the note at the end of this article.]
habe benedicta dms tecum
benedicta tu inter mulieres.
- having ( Perfect ) ...
- been (Passive) ....
- favored ( participle form).
- Vocative means it was spoken in direct address, thus: "O one... "
- Feminine means to a female;
- Singular means not to a crowd but applying to one person.
- There is no "Mary
- there is no "Full-of-Grace" in the Greek manuscripts,
- there is no "Full-of-Grace" in at least SOME of the Old Latin manuscripts ( Codex D, Bezae's being the most prominent),
- and there is no "HIGHLY" .
- NOT from the Greek manuscripts, and if it was
- NOT found in the Old Latin of Codex D and
- NOT found in the Old Latin used 200 years before Jerome by Bishop Gregory of Thaumatagurus...
" ... The version as left by Jerome, of which happily we have some valuable manuscripts --- the best of which is the Codex Amiatinas --- the high value of the TRUE Vulgate."
"Jerome revised the variety of readings of the Old Latin. Gospels were published in AD 384, the rest afterwards. It took three centuries to supercede the Old Latin, when it received the name of "Vulgate." The Clementine Vulgate alone recognized in the church of Rome DIFFERS TO A CONSIDERABLE EXTENT from the same version as left by Jerome. "
(Jamieson-Fausset-Brown, Vol. 3, page xliii, Introduction to the Gospels, Sources of the Authority for the Text of the Gospels, JFB, Eerdmans, 1976 reprint).